Delhi, the capital of India is a multicultural city full of contrasts, shaped in thousands of years by leaders and followers of different religions. The city has many traces of its tumultuous history and forms a fascinating and harmonious whole.
Fascinating things about Delhi
- The astronomy without the telescope has in the forefront – Jantar Mantar, built in 1724 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, being considered the oldest observatory of this kind in the world. The 4 red limestone structures serve as instruments of measurement which determinates the ‘’azimuth’’ – the placement of stars and the dates of eclipses of the sun and moon – scrutinizes the sky without using telescope.
- Humajun’s Mausoleum is the resting place of a Mogul ruler of Delhi, which was beaten by Sher Shah, an Afghan ruler. Designed by a Persian architect and built in red limestone, in 1565, the mausoleum was an example of Mogul architecture and inspired the construction of the famous mausoleum Taj Mahal.
- When the Indian capital was moved from Calcutta in 1911, New Delhi was built as a separate town. Now the district has a separate administrative state but is part of Delhi.
- In Sanskrit, Delhi city is sometimes called ”Hastinapur” or ”The Elephants City”.
- With 12 million inhabitants, Delhi is the 8th between the major conurbations of the world. (‘’Conurbations’’ means: urban agglomeration consists of a city center role, for which revolve, from the point of view of economic, administrative and cultural, some smaller nearby towns.)
- The 8 m Ashoka Pillar (415 AD) has no signs of rust so it was probably made of the iron of a meteorite.
- Qutub Minar is the tallest brick mosque in the world and is in the UNESCO World Heritage. It has 73 meters high and 14 meters in diameter at the base and 3 m at the top.
- The Arch of Triumph (42 m) – shows the names of 85,000 Indian soldiers who died in First World War.
- Rajeev Chowk is one of the busiest shopping streets and the park above the subway station is a popular recreational area.
- Lotus Temple is called also ‘’the mother of all temples’’, in the Indian subcontinent, has the shape of a flower with 27 petals.