Berlin is the capital of Germany and is the largest city, around 3.5 million inhabitants. Berlin is a city full of life, which combines history, architecture, culture and excitement, offering its visitors impeccable services. Berlin is studded with more than 170 museums and palaces, 50 theaters, over 200 clubs and discos, zoos, parks, lakes, shopping malls and last but not least, a lot of sights of historical interest.
Berlin has 3 commercial airports: Tegel International Airport, Brandenburg International Airport and Schönefeld International Airport. Schonefel International Airport is right on the border southeast of Berlin in the state of Brandenburg and the other two are out of town.
From Tegel International Airport the fastest way to get to the city centre is by TXL Express Bus or by the Express Bus X9. Both stop right outside the terminal. The fare is 2.40 Euro, one way and the journey take about 30/40 minutes, depends on traffic.
Berlin has a temperate climate, with annual average temperatures of 9.4 ° C. The warmest months are June, July and August, with temperatures of 16-17 degrees C, and the coldest are December, January & February with 0-2 degrees C.
The shopping boulevards are Kurfürstendamm, Friedrichstraße and Tauentzienstraße. Some of the most important shopping centres are Alexa, Potsdamer Platz, Kranzler Eck, Designer Outlet Berlin and Gropius-Passagen – the largest shopping center.
Berlin Festival in September – is a musical event that annually gathers a lot of famous names of rock music. The Berlin International Film Festivalis also a prestigious event which takes place annually and is one of the most important film festivals in the world, the most important awards are the Golden Bear and the Silver Bear.
Berlin has a huge network of transport of various types: two types of metro, regional train, bus, tram, ferryboat, all of which are interconnected. The subway is one of the largest networks in the world and is of two types: U-Bahn, the underground metro is the fastest means of transport and S-Bahn, a surface metro connecting the suburbs. The metro tickets starts from 2.60 Euro – one way trip for the lines AB and BC and reach 3.20 Euros, if you choose ABC lines. One-Day-Ticket for one person is 6.70 Euro in tariff zone AB and is valid from it’s the day of its validation until 3 a.m. the following day.
For more information you can visit the official website: http://www.berlin.de/en/public-transportation/1772016-2913840-tickets-fares-and-route-maps.en.html
If you stay in Berlin two or more days and want to visit as many places as you can, opt for The Berlin Welcome Card, which offers unlimited travel within the public transport network for 48 hours, 72 hours or 5 days in Berlin or Berlin and Potsdam and allows discounts of up to 50% on more than 200 tourist attractions and cultural highlights. The price is € 18.50.
Related to accommodation, we chose Winters Hotel Berlin Mitte Am Checkpoint Charlie, a 4 stars hotel – located at 100 meters from the Friedrichstraße shopping street and 600 meters from Checkpoint Charlie Museum and Metro Kochstraße station is about 7/10 minute walk from Winters Hotel am Checkpoint Charlie, being close to Checkpoint Charlie.
It is a hotel with prices around 75 Euros/night, a hotel that gave us the impression that it is a business hotel, large, organized, with quality service, friendly stuff, willing to help. The rooms are tiny but equipped with everything is necessary. The reason we chose this hotel was its positioning, close to public transport. In front of him is the Trabi Museum, a museum dedicated to Trabi cars.
Breakfast in Berlin is essential. They have English breakfast with eggs, sausage and bacon, French breakfast with croissant, butter and jam, Italian breakfast with prosciutto, tomato and mozzarella or the specifically Hamburg breakfast, consisting of salmon, herring and shrimp salad…so tasteful…everything here is associated with a wide variety of breads, jams and fruits, so try not to skip the delicious breakfast! On the streets of Berlin you will see the famous bratwurst, a kind of grilled sausage or currywurst, a specialty sausage in Berlin, very appreciated with a lot of curry and ketchup. Go and take a beer too…you must try the well known Berliner Weisse (Berlin White) or Leipziger Gose, who was discovered after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
What is worth to be visited?
· Brandenburg Gate is a symbol of peace and the emblem of Berlin. Victory chariot pulled by four horses that sits on the Brandenburg Gate was made in 1793 by Johann Gottfried Schadow. The bronze chariot is led by the Goddess of Peace, Victoria. There is the only one gate of the old wall.
· Checkpoint Charlie is located in the heart of Berlin, in Friedrichstadt neighbourhood. This is one of the last symbols of the Cold War, is the place that best summarizes the split between East and West.
· Potsdamer Platz, where is the Sony Center, designed by Helmut Jahn, the complex has an IMAX theater and an office tower. Near, it stands the building of a brown brick, Kohlhol, which has a viewing platform at a height of 93 meters.
· Berliner Zoologischer Garten is one of the largest zoos in the world, became even more famous when Knut, a polar bear cub rejected by his mother, was fed by one of the zoo caregivers. Berlin Zoo has two entrances. One is located in Hardenbergerplatz and is known as the Lion’s Gate as is flanked by two small buildings with statues of lions and the other entrance is on Budapester Strasse and is flanked by statues of elephants, so is known as the Elephant Gate.
· Berliner Fernsehturm is the television tower that rises to a height of over 360 meters from its base located in the south of Alexanderplatz, being the highest construction of the city – is easily visible from any angle.
· Scloss Charlottenburg is a baroque palace and is located in the Charlottenburg district of western city, being the largest palace of Berlin.
· Berliner Dom, known as the ‘’Museum Island’’, attracts visitors because it has inside of it a pipe organ built by Wilhelm Sauer.
· Museum Island in Berlin is the place where are the most important museums in the city, being in the UNESCO World Heritage, as a sanctuary of science and art.
· Pergamon Museum is the most visited museum of Berlin because it hosts three major art collections: Antique Collection, Museum of East and Islamic Art Collection.
· Holocaust Memorial – with 2,700 granite blocks built on 19,000 square meters in the memory of millions of Hebrew killed by Nazi Germany.
· Berlin Wall – Berliner Mauer which divided the city into two parts, east and west, was a symbol of the Cold War. It’s where the Iron Curtain separating Western Europe from the communist regime in the East, became visible as the Berlin Wall. After the Wall fell in 1989, Europe has experienced major changes. The most famous part of the wall is about 1316 meters in length and is called ‘’The East Gallery’’, which is between Warschauer Strasse and Ostbahnhof and contains 106 pictures.
· Tiergarten Park is a tourist attraction that offers gardens, trees, flowers, cafes and is a beautiful place to relax.