Delhi, the capital of India is a multicultural city full of contrasts, shaped in thousands of years by leaders and followers of different religions. The city has many traces of its tumultuous history and forms a fascinating and harmonious whole.
Old Delhi was created by Shah Jahan, being the seventh city in the area which has traditional neighborhoods crafts, crowded bazaars and markets, as Chatta Chowk near the Red Fort. In the past, here were luxury products for the most demanding customers and for the royal family can shop, men were not allowed to be in the bazaar on Thursday. Many historical sites and picturesque streets of the city make this to be a very attractive aria for tourists.
New Delhi was designed by the designers Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, as a capital city with many parks and fountains. The construction was completed in 1931, 20 years after the capital of India was moved from Calcutta. The central point of New Delhi, Connaught Place, is a roundabout bordered by buildings, from which starts 12 streets. Along the famous Rajpath, often called the Indian Champs-Elysees, there are the government buildings with the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the presidential palace and the round parliament building.
The city contains a mosaic of religions, most people are Hindus but there are followers of Islam, Buddhism and Jainism, also, as being evidenced by the impressive temples. Called the Friday Mosque, Jama Masjid, built by Shah Jahan, is the largest mosque in the country, with a capacity of 25,000 people. Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, built of pink limestone and Italian marble, is the largest Hindu temple in the world. Baha’i Lotus Temple, designed as an ideal of beauty, can be used for prayer for the followers of all religions.
The Red Fort is the symbol of luxury, power and freedom. When Shah Jahan decided to build a new capital in Delhi, the Shahjahanabad Palace was built of red limestone in the east of the city on the Yamuna River. The exterior walls of the building have a length of 2.5 km and between 16 and 33 meters high. The old riverbed of the river Yamuna is now 1 km from the empty ditch. Lahore Gate is the most spectacular section of the building. On the Independence Day, the first Indian minister speeches in front of the gate. Behind the gate you can see the historical palace of the emperor, a bazaar under one roof, what was once a court and museums. The Mosque Pearl, built in 1659, has asymmetric walls of marble and was designed as a defensive structure. Interestingly is the fact that the exterior walls are parallel with other pavilions of the fort and the interior walls are arranged in such a way as to indicate towards Mecca. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 2007.
Fascinating things about Delhi on…http://www.tripelonia.com/headline/delhi-the-multicultural-capital-of-india/123