Moscow, the indestructible metropolis


Despite a tumultuous history, many historical places in Moscow have survived and others have been rebuilt with attention and dedication. On the other hand the number of skyscrapers rises with a dizzying speed and in some neighborhoods are demolished the old houses, their inhabitants being displaced.


The Russian capital is the largest metropolis in Europe and the seventh in the world in size. According to unofficial data, there are 15 million inhabitants, but the exact number remain unknown, due to the large number of illegal immigrants.


Near Red Square is the Kremlin – a fort on the Moscow River, dating from 1147. The most famous building in Russia is known as the seat of the Russian governor, but this huge complex of 28 hectares, includes also many historical sites. The center of Cathedral square is dominated by the tallest building in Kremlin, the Bell of Ivan the Great, with a height of 81 meters. This serves three churches: The Annunciation Cathedral, the Assumption Cathedral and the Archangel Michael Cathedral. The historical sites include an arsenal with treasure, containing the coronation costumes of the country and one of the three largest collections of diamonds in the world.


In the most famous street in Moscow was sung ” Oh, Arbat, my Arbat “, sung by Bulat Okhudzhava, where there is a monument dedicated to him. This street was a fashionable place since the eighteenth century and now there are souvenir stalls, cafes and antique shops.


South of downtown, across the river, Tretyakov Gallery is one of the most impressive collections of Russian art, particularly before the October Revolution. The gallery was founded in 1856 by the wealthy financier Pavel Tretyakov. In 40 years has collected 1,200 paintings of Russian artists and nearly 100 paintings of foreign painters. In 1893 the gallery opened to the public and holds works of renowned artists such as Andrei Rublev, Ilya Repin and Ivan Kramskoi.


On the left side of the Moscow River is the church of Christ the Savior, the tallest Orthodox Church in the world with a height of 103 meters, accommodating 10,000 people. This church has had a tumultuous history. The idea of ​​building appeared after Napoleon’s defeat, but the project was delayed and the church was sanctified in 1883. In 1931 the communist authorities threw her in the air and in its place was built a pool and the rebuilding of the church began in 1996.


Moscow has two types of tall buildings. The first type includes 7 Buildings of socialist realism in the 1950s, called ” seven sisters”. The best known is the University Lomonosov, built in 1953, 240 meters high. The other type are the skyscrapers, the tallest in Europe from XXI century as Triumph Palace (264 m) and Naberejnaya Tower (268 m).

Red Square is considered the…


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